Wednesday, April 19, 2017

Spotlight on Conservation: Gutskin Parka (Part 2)

Mounting the gutskin parka for the Arctic exhibition required some creativity. It is so light and translucent and we wanted to impart these features to museum guests. Putting the parka on a mannequin wouldn’t be suitable since the intestine when dry is brittle, making for a very stiff form.

We decided to use an acrylic support, displaying the parka in a vertical position as this would take up less space in the showcase than positioning it on a slanted, horizontal board. The solution to this conundrum needed to be strong yet invisible. 


The parka was placed on a table covered with brown paper; its outline was traced in pencil. The exhibit fabricators used this stencil to cut an acrylic support adding 15cm around the entire perimeter. A padded internal support for the hood was cut from polyethylene foam, then covered with polyester batting and encased in a poly cotton neutral coloured stretch knit. Once the exact location of the hood was determined, the covered support was hot melt glued to the acrylic. 

Encapsulated magnets
Rare earth magnets are used by museums to display posters and textiles. This seemed to be the perfect solution for holding the parka on the support. Four centimeter-wide cotton twill tape was used to encase the circular magnets, which were spaced every 15cm and held in place by stitching 2 layers of twill tape around each magnet. One magnetized tape was placed horizontally passing through both arms from wrist to wrist. Two magnetized tapes were placed vertically below the previous tape. The interior of the parka was stuffed with polyester tulle to provide support. 

Magnets placed horizontally through both arms




Come and see the final product - the parka on display -  in Art and Innovation: Traditional Arctic Footwear from the Bata Shoe Museum Collection, on now at the BSM!

Monday, April 3, 2017

Spotlight on Conservation: Gutskin Parka (Part I)

Unrolled parka
While it might not look like it at first glance, this rolled up bundle is a parka made and worn by Irene Davis of Nunivik Island, Alaska. The parka was slated for display in our Arctic-themed exhibition “Art and Innovation” but in order to assess its condition for display the parka had to be completely unrolled.

Partially unrolled parka


The parka is composed of bearded seal intestine decorated with tufts of red dyed dog hair inserted into the seams. The hair was dyed by laying it between layers of moistened red crepe paper. The string-sewn seams are reinforced with grass which prevents the stitches from tearing through the skin.

Intestines of sea mammals have been used in Alaska for centuries in the production of waterproof garments worn when hunting at sea in kayaks or, if highly decorated, for special occasions. After the viscera is removed from the carcass, the contents of the intestines are cleaned by washing and scraping. The length of intestine is then inflated and left outside to dry. When the gut is needed, it is sliced open, then sewn in strips either vertically or horizontally.

The unrolling of the parka was a gradual process. Each tuft of dog hair is encapsulated in a plastic pouch to prevent contact with water and the possibility of releasing the fugitive red dye. A very soft Japanese Hake brush (made with sheep hair bristles) is moistened with distilled water and applied to the surface of the gut. The wetted gut (although brittle when dry, it is quite strong when wet) is gently manipulated to ease out hard creases. Acid free tissue paper supports the gutskin as it dries. Once the parka was reshaped, tears and holes in the gutskin were patched with commercial sausage casing and an appropriate adhesive.

Tear in chest of parka

Tear in shoulder hood of parka